Child Tooth Trauma
Tooth injuries can be very upsetting to a child and parent. It is estimated that about 30% of children experience some type of dental trauma. Trauma is often due to a mishap or sporting injury or to a lesser extent, a vehicle accident.
Injuries to the mouth often include knocking out a tooth, breaking teeth, pushing a tooth up into the gum, forcing the tooth out of position or loosening a tooth. In some cases root damage or jawbone fractures can occur.
The highest incidence of tooth damage occurs when the toddler becomes mobile but has not gained coordination – typically between 18 to 40 months.
For school aged children with permanent teeth,boys suffer trauma at twice the rate as girls due to their rambunctious nature and their involvement in contact sports.
What Should You Do When Your Child Has a Tooth Injury?
Many parents wonder when they should seek help. Although they don’t want to rush to the dentist every time their child bumps a tooth, they also don’t want to overlook an injury that may not be obvious. Therefore, we suggest that you contact your dentist when any of the following occurs:
- Whenever there is pain or sensitivity to hot or cold in a tooth
- If there is bleeding that does not stop in a reasonable period of time
- If there is a broken, missing or loose tooth after the event
- If there is significant swelling in or around the mouth
- If there is any object stuck in the mouth or if there is contamination to any area of the mouth – do not remove the object.
- If there is a significant cut in or around the mouth
- If the throat area is damaged in any way
- If the child has a fever after the trauma
- If there are any signs of infection
- If unsure – be cautious and call your dentist