Root canal treatment is a crucial procedure often required for various reasons, such as extensive tooth decay, infection or abscess, as well as fractures or trauma. It serves as a viable option to preserve a tooth, allowing you to maintain normal eating and functionality.
Once precise anesthesia is administered, a minuscule opening is carefully created in the tooth to access the ‘pulp’ – comprising blood vessels and nerves. If decay is present, it is meticulously removed. Subsequently, the pulp is diligently cleansed using specialized instruments and files. Following this, a flexible, rubber-like material is employed to fill the root canal system. Finally, the opening is sealed with a restorative composite material.
In many instances, especially with posterior teeth like premolars and molars, a crown is often recommended post-root canal treatment. This is because the tooth, devoid of its nutrient supply, becomes susceptible to fracture. Opting for a well-fitted crown is imperative to ensure a tight seal and reduce the risk of re-infection. A crown not only bolsters overall strength but also provides an excellent seal.
However, when a tooth is deemed beyond restoration even with root canal therapy, extraction becomes the only viable option. Subsequently, options such as a bridge, implant, or denture may be explored to replace the extracted tooth.